By Jessica Domel
Texas farmers planted more soybeans and cotton this year, and less corn, falling slightly short of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) forecasts.
According to a new report from USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), about 5.7 million acres of upland cotton are now forecast for 2017 in Texas. That’s half-a-million acres higher than last year, but falls short of USDA’s April forecast of 6.9 million acres.
Upland cotton yields in Texas are anticipated to be around 741 pounds per acre this year, which is down seven pounds per acre from last year.
Production is estimated at 8.8 million bales in 2017, which is 700,000 more bales than last year.
Pima cotton acreage remained the same in Texas this year at 15,000 acres. Yield is forecast down about 100 pounds per acre at 960 pounds.
As a result, pima cotton production is also forecast to be down this year at 30,000 bales, which is 3,000 bales less than 2016.
Nationally, all cotton production is up 20 percent over 2016. About 20.5 million 480-pound bales are forecast this year across the U.S.
All cotton yields are expected to average 892 pounds harvested per acre. That’s up 25 pounds over 2016.
Upland cotton production is forecast nationally at 19.8 million 480-pound bales. That’s up 19 percent.
Pima cotton production is forecast at 770,000 bales in the U.S., up 35 percent over last year.
All cotton production is expected to increase this year, as well.
In Texas, about 5.715 million acres are forecast to be harvested in 2017. That’s up half-a-million acres over last year.
Yields are expected to be down, however, at 742 pounds per acre. That’s a seven pound per acre decrease over 2016.
American farmers are expected to produce 8.83 million bales in 2017. That’s 700,000 higher than last year.
U.S. cottonseed production is forecast at 6.48 million tons this year, up from 5.37 million tons last year.
Texas soybean farmers are expected to grow 755,000 fewer bushels of soybeans for beans this year. Production for 2017 is estimated at 5.25 million bushels.
NASS estimates yields in Texas at 35 bushels per acre, up four bushels per acre from last year.
About 150,000 acres of soybeans are forecast to be harvested. That’s up 5,000 acres over 2016.
Nationally, soybean production is forecast up 2 percent at 4.38 billion bushels.
Yields, based on conditions as of Aug. 1, are expected to average 49.4 bushels per acre, which is down 2.7 bushels per acre.
A record number of acres will be harvested across the nation. NASS predicts 88.7 million acres, which is unchanged from the July forecast, but is up seven percent over last year.
The planted area estimate, which is also a record high, is 89.5 million acres.
About 277.2 million bushels of corn are expected to be harvested in Texas this year. That’s down 46.65 million bushels from 2016.
Corn yields are expected to increase to 132 bushels per acre this year, an increase of five bushels per acre over last year.
An estimated 2.1 million acres of corn are forecast to be harvested in Texas. That’s down 400,000 from 2016 levels and 350,000 lower than April estimates.
Production is down nationally as well. American farmers are forecast to harvest 14.2 billion bushels of corn, which is down seven percent from 2016.
Yields are expected to be down five percent to 169.5 bushels per acre nationally.
If realized, this year’s crop will be the third largest on record in regards to yield and production.
Low prices and diseases likely caused a smaller winter wheat harvest in Texas this year. About 2.5 million acres were harvested, which is 300,000 less than last year. Those acres produced seven million bushels of wheat, which is 1.9 million fewer than 2016.
Yields are also down four bushels to 28 bushels per acre this year.
Nationally, winter wheat production is forecast at 1.29 billion bushels, which is up one percent from the July forecast, but down 23 percent from 2016.
Yields nationally are forecast at 50 bushels per acre, which is up less than half-a-bushel per acre over last month, but down 5.3 bushels over last year.
About 25.8 million acres are expected to be harvested for grain or seed. That’s down 15 percent over last year.
Rice production in Texas is forecast to be down from 13.76 million hundredweight from last year to 12.67 million hundredweight this year.
Yields are forecast to be down 360 pounds per acre.
Six thousand fewer acres are expected to be harvested for a total of 181,000 acres.
Nationally, all rice production is forecast down this year at 186.46 million hundredweight. That’s down from 224.145 million hundredweight.
More sugarcane was planted in Texas this year, but production is expected to be down.
An estimated 40,500 acres are expected this year compared to 39,600 acres last year. Yield is down, however, at 34 tons. Last year’s crop yielded about 37 tons per acre.
Production is forecast to be lower at 1.38 million tons compared to last year’s 1.466 million tons.
Nationally, 8.735 million acres are expected to be harvested with an average of 36.5 tons yielded per acre. Production is forecast at 31.84 million tons per acre. That’s down from 32.11 million tons per acre last year.
Peanut production is on the rise in Texas despite fewer acres expected to be harvested.
NASS predicts 190,000 acres of peanuts will be harvested this year. That’s 20,000 lower than last year and 50,000 lower than NASS’ April forecast.
Yields are forecast up at 3,500 pounds per acre, which is up from 2,800 pounds per acre last year.
Production is forecast at 665 million pounds, which is up from 588 million pounds.
Nationally, 1.77 million acres of peanuts are expected to be harvested this year, which is up from 1.55 last year.
Yield is forecast to be 4,190 pounds, up from 3,675 pounds per acre last year.
Production is forecast to be 7.43 billion pounds. That’s 1.75 billion fewer pounds than last year.
The August report from NASS is an important one to growers and buyers as it’s the first report on crops since USDA’s initial projections. It often sways commodities markets, and Thursday was no different. Stocks for cotton, soybeans, corn and wheat fell before the report was released.
The full 53-page report is available here.